he art world is talking about the huge Christies’ sale of collected art previously owned by Peggy and David Rockefeller.
After three days of auctions—including two evening sales—more than 1,000 works of art were sold totaling more than $832 million. It’s a testament to the power of advertising. Previous to the sale, there was a high profile, six-months’ long worldwide marketing campaign. But the fact that many works—including iconic works of American art— were sold far above expectations is also a testament to the power of art to powerfully motivate humans.
One piece that was not for sale, but is now almost certainly valued higher than ever before. It’s one of the most famous—and most parodied—works of American art of all time.
There’s almost no one who is not familiar with Grant Wood’s iconic American Gothic.
Here’s a challenge though: as many times as you might have seen this painting depicted, do you understand why it is called “American Gothic?”
If not, let’s talk about the Dibble House.
First owned by Eldon, Iowa resident Charles Dibble, the house was constructed in 1882. Dibble was a Civil War Veteran who owned a livery stable and built the house for himself, his wife, and his eight children.
Considering the size of the family, the 504 square feet of the home seem tiny. But that wasn’t unusual for the time it was built. The white color and batten siding of the house were also fairly standard. The one nod to a small extravagance was likely ordered from the Sears catalog. The window on the upper level. And it’s believed that window is what attracted Wood to the home, and what led him to incorporate it into his most famous painting, even though he’d only seen the house once.
That window, with the pronounced arch, in fact, would, in fact, lend the painting its very name. After all, the arch is indisputably a Gothic arch.
THE DIBBLE HOME
For a house so iconic, it’s perhaps hard to believe that the Dibble home remained a private residence for most of the 20th century. It was finally donated to the State Historical Society of Iowa in 1991. The home was restored and now looks much as it did in 1930 when Wood finished his painting.
Eldon, Iowa is located in the southeasterly portion of the state. If you visit, you’ll now find a Visitor’s Center to handle the tourist traffic.
There’s an interesting aside to the story. That is indeed the Dibble home pictured in “American Gothic,” but the couple in from of the home have nothing to do with the Dibble family. Grand Wood said, “I imagined American Gothic people with their faces stretched out long to go with this American Gothic house.”
And then Wood found the models for the painting: his sister Nan Wood Graham and his dentist Byron McKeeby. Both posed separately for Wood, who followed through on his vision and ‘stretched’ their faces as he painted them in tribute to the iconic window.
Much as the eyes are the windows to the soul, windows bring light and life to a home. And sometimes the windows are the most iconic features as well.
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